Siberia is a North-eastern province of Russia which encompasses most of Northern Asia, with terrain spanning tundra, coniferous forest and mountain ranges including the Ural, Altai and Verkhoyansk. Lake Baikal, in its south, is the world’s deepest lake, circled by a network of hiking paths called the Great Baikal Trail. The Trans-Siberian Railway passes Baikal on its route between Moscow and the Sea of Japan. People know very few things about Siberia, because of its harsh and cold and dry weather. Here we are discussing some amazing facts about Siberia. Hope you will enjoy.
1. Size of Siberia:
The area of Siberia is 13.1 million km². It comprises of 57% of the whole of Russia. The total area of Siberia is equal to that of Canada. Which is the second largest country in the world area wise.
2. Lake Baikal:
In Siberia there is a unique Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal is an ancient, massive lake in the mountainous Russian region of Siberia, north of the Mongolian border. Considered the deepest lake in the world, it’s circled by a network of hiking paths called the Great Baikal Trail. The village of Listvyanka, on its western shoreline, is a popular starting point for summertime wildlife-spotting tours, plus wintertime ice-skating and dog sledding. The size of Lake Baikal is about equal to the square area of the Netherlands. It is the deepest freshwater lake in the world. It is also the oldest lake in the world. And it is the cleanest lake in the world. Only one river flows from the lake the Angara River. The water in Lake Baikal is very clear – up to 50 m. Approximately 20% of the world’s fresh water is the water of Lake Baikal. In the Lake Baikal area each year more than 2000 earthquakes take place. At the lake most of the time there is sunny weather.
Astonishing facts about Baikal Lake
3. Tunguska Meteorite:
Tunguska meteorite fell in Siberia on 30 June 1908. At the site of the Tunguska meteorite no crater was found. There were found no fragments of a meteorite either. To this day there no consensus what exactly was the Tunguska meteorite. Actually the Tunguska event was a large explosion that occurred near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, on the morning of 30 June 1908.
4. Great Vasyugan Swamp:
Great Vasyugan swamp is the largest swamp system in the northern hemisphere of the planet –it is located in the heart of the West Siberian Plain and it is a geographical phenomenon in the sense of an unusually wide distribution of swamps. It stretches from west to east for 550 km, and from north to south for 270 km. The square area of the Great Vasyugan swamp is more than 55 thousand sq. km (for comparison, the square area of Switzerland is only 41 thousand sq. km.). Great Vasyugan swamp in Siberia is a natural phenomenon that has no analogues in the world. It also contains the largest reserves of peat.
Permafrost means that the land is never thawed. Permafrost is soil, rock or sediment that is frozen for more than two consecutive years. In areas not overlain by ice, it exists beneath a layer of soil, rock or sediment, which freezes and thaws annually and is called the “active layer”. About 65% of Russian territory is occupied by permafrost, and most of it is located in Siberia.
Permafrost is located in Siberia in the northern part of Western Siberia (about until the latitude of the Ob River) and in the greater part of East Siberia, Trans-Baikal. Negative temperatures penetrate the earth’s crust to a depth of up to 1300-1500 m; their minimal average values reach -15 …- 16 degrees Celsius.
6. Methane bomb in permafrost of Siberia:
For hundred of thousands of years, the Siberian permafrost has been a giant freezer for everything buried within it. But global warming has put the frozen ground in defrost mode, and the tundra is now heating up twice as fast as the rest of the planet. “Permafrost is a silent ticking time bomb,” says Robert Spencer, an environmental scientist at Florida State University. As it thaws, the dirt could release a litany of horrors. The ice-beasts cometh. Global climatic warming reduces the size of the permafrost in Siberia. Inside permafrost there is the strongest greenhouse gas – methane. Thawing of the permafrost will release the gas and accelerate warming –thus, a self-accelerating process will start. This can have catastrophic consequences for the whole of humanity – from all kinds of disasters anywhere from a third to half of all mankind may die.
7. Siberian Rivers are the largest in the world:
Ob, Lena, Amur and Yenisei are the largest river on the planet which are located in siberian province of Russia.
8. Siberian Husky:
Husky is one of the most popular dog breeds which is found in Siberia. It is known as Siberian husky. This breed comes from the breed of dogs that are bred by the natives of the Russian North.
9. Ancestors of Modern Human lived in Siberia:
In Siberia was found a site of the ancient people from Paleolithic Karama. They lived in these places in the period of 1,000,000 – 800,000 years ago. In that time Siberia had a favorable climate. Genetic analysis showed that the Asian species Homo erectus could reliably be an ancestor of a modern man. Moreover in 2008, in Denisov cave in Siberia scientists found a phalanx from which it was possible to isolate a DNA. DNA analysis showed that the finger belonged to a girl. And the girl herself belongs to a new (!) species of humans – Denisov humans – which is different from the Neanderthals and modern humans.
10. Utopian City – An autonomous industry of Colony Kuzbass:
Kuzbass is short form of Kuznetsk Basin in southwestern Siberia, Russia, is one of the largest coal mining areas in the world, covering an area of around 27,000 square miles. The Kuzbass Autonomous Industrial Colony was an experiment in workers’ control in the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1926 during the New Economic Policy. It was based in Shcheglovsk, Kuzbass, Siberia.