Insomnia is a habitual sleeplessness. The inability to sleep due to some depression, medical condtion, unhealthy sleep habits, specific substances, and certain biological factors is called Insomnia. Insomnia is a problem related to our brain. Our brain has two cycles: One is ”sleep cycle” and the other is ”wake cycle”. When sleep cycle turn on, the wake cycle turns off. Insomnia develops when either of the cycle is disturbed. There are many factors which affects our sleeping activity. Depression or severe grief may affect sleeping activity as well as there are so many medical conditions which disturbs insomnia. Here we are going to discuss those medical conditions which cause insomnia.
Causes of Insomnia:
There are many medical as well as non-medical conditions (some mild and others more serious) that can lead to insomnia. Some medical conditions directly cause insomnia, while some medical conditions conditions develops such a symptoms of some other medical condition which cause insomnia. While non medical conditions directly affect the sleep.
Examples of medical conditions that can cause insomnia are:
- Nasal/Sinus Allergies and Insomnia:
If you have nasal allergies, you may be used to sneezing and congestion that last the entire day. But you don’t have to just put up with it. Whether you’re allergic to dust mites, tree pollen, or animal dander, you can find relief for your nasal allergy symptoms.
“Some people suffer with seasonal allergies for years before they learn that there are effective treatments,” but there are good reasons why you shouldn’t wait to treat allergies. However the medication taken for nasal allergies, common cold, high blood pressure, heart disease, thyroid disease, birth control, asthma, and depression can also cause insomnia.
- Gastrointestinal problems such as reflux and Insomnia:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and sleep disturbances are both common health problems. There is a significant association between disturbed sleep and GERD, and this may be bidirectional. Sleep disorders may induce gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances, while GI symptoms also may provoke or worsen sleep derangements. Reflux of gastric acid is a less frequent event during sleep, however, acid clearance mechanisms (including swallowing, salivation and primary esophageal motility) are impaired during sleep resulting in prolongation of acid contact time. Nighttime reflux can lead to sleep disturbance and sleep disturbance may further aggravate GERD by prolonged acid contact time and heightened sensory perception. This may facilitate the occurrence of complicated GERD and decreased quality of life. However, the interplay between sleep problems and GERD is complex, and there are still relatively limited data on this issue. Further investigation of sleep-related GERD may identify common pathophysiological themes and new therapeutic targets.
- Endocrine problems and Insomnia:
Insomnia is also a common problem in menopause when estrogen levels become deficient. Insomnia can occur in both women and men who develop disorders in thyroid hormone, cortisol, testosterone and growth hormone. If you develop chronic insomnia, before getting hooked on chronic prescription sleeping pills, see an endocrinologist who specializes in treating hormone disorders.
Endocrine problem such as hyperthyroidism cause Insomnia.
Arthritis is a disease in which patient suffers from painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints. Studies show that as many as 80% of people with arthritis have difficulty in sleeping. Whether you are having trouble entering dreamland, tossing and turning through the night, or waking up before the sun rises, sleep deprivation can make pain worse and have a negative impact on your overall health. Here are some herbal treatments for Arthritis pain.
Asthma is respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. It usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersensitivity. Insomnia is highly prevalent in adults with asthma and is also associated with worse asthma control, depression and anxiety symptoms and other quality of life and health issues.
- Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and Insomnia:
Degenerative Neurological Disorders & Insomnia. Insomnia is often associated with degenerative neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Pick’s disease, and hydrocephalus.
- Chronic pain and Insomnia:
Pain is one of the most common causes of insomnia. Up to two-thirds of patients with chronic pain conditions suffer from sleep disorders. … These problems can range from difficulty falling asleep to difficulty staying asleep; in turn causing heightened pain and worsening sleep.
- Low back pain and Insomnia:
Patients suffering from chronic pain often find their problems are compounded by insomnia and sleeping disorders. … Thus, a vicious cycle develops in which the back pain disrupts one’s sleep, and difficulty sleeping makes the pain worse, which in turn makes sleeping more difficult, etc.
Examples of Non-medical conditions that can cause insomnia are
- Insomnia & Depression: Insomnia can be caused by psychiatric conditions such as depression. Psychological struggles can make it hard to sleep, insomnia itself can bring on changes in mood, and shifts in hormones and physiology can lead to both psychiatric issues and insomnia at the same time.Sleep problems may represent a symptom of depression, and the risk of severe insomnia is much higher in patients with major depressive disorders. Studies show that insomnia can also trigger or worsen depression.It’s important to know that symptoms of depression (such as low energy, loss of interest or motivation, feelings of sadness or hopelessness) and insomnia can be linked, and one can make the other worse. The good news is that both are treatable regardless of which came first.
- Insomnia & Anxiety: Most adults have had some trouble sleeping because they feel worried or nervous, but for some it’s a pattern that interferes with sleep on a regular basis. Anxiety symptoms that can lead to insomnia include:
- Getting caught up in thoughts about past events
- Excessive worrying about future events
- Feeling overwhelmed by responsibilities
- A general feeling of being revved up or overstimulated
It’s not hard to see why these symptoms of general anxiety can make it difficult to sleep. Anxiety may be associated with onset insomnia (trouble falling asleep), or maintenance insomnia (waking up during the night and not being able to return to sleep). In either case, the quiet and inactivity of night often brings on stressful thoughts or even fears that keep a person awake.
When this happens for many nights (or many months), you might start to feel anxiousness, dread, or panic at just the prospect of not sleeping. This is how anxiety and insomnia can feed each other and become a cycle that should be interrupted through treatment. There are cognitive and mind-body techniques that help people with anxiety settle into sleep, and overall healthy sleep practices that can improve sleep for many people with anxiety and insomnia.