Lake Baikal is an ancient, massive lake in the mountainous Russian region of Siberia, north of the Mongolian border. Considered the deepest lake in the world, it’s circled by a network of hiking paths called the Great Baikal Trail. The village of Listvyanka, on its western shoreline, is a popular starting point for summertime wildlife-spotting tours, plus wintertime ice-skating and dog sledding.
01. Baikal lake is not far from Mongolian Border:
Located in south-central Siberia, not far from the Mongolian border and surrounded by mountains, forests and wild rivers, Baikal is an immense and breathtaking area of natural beauty.
02. World’s Largest Fresh Water Lake:
Lake Baikal is the world’s largest freshwater lake in terms of volume. It is about 640 km (397 miles) long, and 80 km (50 miles) wide. It is also the deepest lake in the world, at 1,620 meters (5,314 feet).
03. Percentage of Fresh Water in Lake Baikal in total quantity of world’s fresh water:
It contains 20% of the world’s total unfrozen freshwater reserve.
04. Rocky Islands:
There are more than thirty rocky islands in Lake Baikal.One of them is the world’s second largest island in a lake, Olkhon.
05. Fresh Water Fauna:
Known as the ‘Galapagos of Russia‘, its age and isolation have produced one of the world’s richest and most unusual freshwater faunas, which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science.
06. Gas Volcanoes:
On Lake Baikal about a hundred gas (“mud”) volcanoes were found.
07. Clear Water:
The water of Lake Baikal is renowned for being some of the clearest in the world. The water of Lake Baikal is the most transparent of all freshwater lakes. In some areas of the lake you can see the bottom of it at a depth of 40 meters(130 feet). When the lake freezes during the winter, an amazing phenomena takes place: large shards of transparent ice form on the surface of the lake, giving the amazing appearance of turquoise ice. In the photographs taken from space on the ice of Lake Baikal were found dark rings with a diameter of 5-7 kilometers, which appear in the same places, but not every year.
08. Icicles in Grottoes:
On the shores of Lake Baikal there are many grottoes.When Lake Baikal freezes in winter, the waves create amazing icicles in grottoes.
09. Plants and Animals in Lake Baikal:
Lake Baikal is home to more than 2,000 species of plants and animals, two-thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world, including the Baikal omul fish and Baikal oil fish as well as the nerpa, one of the world’s only freshwater species of seal.
10. Altitude of Lake Baikal:
The water level in Lake Baikal is at 456 meters (1496 feet) above sea level.