We are going to write some unknown facts about Red fort of Delhi (India) and i hope you would amazingly enjoy these facts. Red fort locally known as the ”Laal Qila” had remained the capital of Mughal Empire of India till 1857, when Mughal empire was ended by forces of East India Company of Britain.
In 1857 Indian natives fought a war against Britishers but they failed to expel the British Company from India and with this war Mughal Empire came to an end. Red fort was the most legendary palace all through the Mughal Empire and at that time this building was in a very good condition. All the major meetings of kingdom were held in the Red Fort. The construction of Red Fort was started by Legendary Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in May 1639, which consumed about 9 years for its completion and was inaugurated in 1648 by the King as his personal residence. Red Forts is completely constructed with red colored stones and for the very reason it is called Red Fort. Its architecture resemble to that of Fort of Saleem Gharh, which was constructed in 1546.
Throughout the Red Fort there are water channels and these channels are interlinked and linked with canals. These water channels transverse the Fort from all directions. Red fort is a symbol of architecture of Muslim era in India.
The interior of the Fort has a hypnotic attraction and there is a charming garden in the outer courtyard of the Fort. But this garden is very different from the gardens of Delhi, Rajhistan, Punjab, Kashmir and Rohil Khand. Besides Saleem Ghadh Fort, Red Fort was also included in UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2007.
Prim Minister of India raise the Indian Flag in Red Fort each year on the eve of day of independence; 15 August and address the nation. But here we are going to discuss those facts about Red Fort which most of the Indians do not know.
01. Red fort is indeed White:
It is called Red Fort and apparently too it is red, but basically it is white and had been constructed with white stones. The Fort was constructed with white colored metamorphic rocks, but later on the weather put impact over the white stones and the stones corroded and their color and luster became dulled. Then the British painted it with red colour. Thereafter it has been called Red Fort.
02. The name of the Forts:
The name of the fort (White Fort) has been been written upon the high walls of the fort, which is a proof of its being white in the start. When British painted it with red color, it has been started called Red Fort.
03. Red Fort as Qila-e-Mubarak:
As we know that the Red Fort was built at the time when Shahjahan shifted the capital from Agra to Delhi. Therefore it is called Qila-e-Mubarak. Congratulation for new capital and palace.
04. Construction of the fort:
The construction of the fort was completed in 9 years. At that time the modern engineering techniques were not available. But the services of the best architects of that time Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmed were availed. The construction of the fort was started in May 1639 which was completed in April 1948.
05. Kohinoor Diamond:
Kohinoor Diamond was a part of furniture of Red Fort. Kohinoor Diamond was an essential ornament of the crown of Emperor Shahjahan. Which is considered to be world most precious diamond and was framed in Carat 24 Gold. Shahjahan would attend the meetings while putting on that crown.
06. Main entrance:
Main entrance/ gate of Red Fort is called Lahore Gate. There are two entrances for Red Fort. One is called Delhi Gate and the other is called Lahori Gate. As Shah Jahan was born on January 5, 1592, in Lahore, Pakistan and his love for Lahore compelled him to name the gate as Lahori Gate.
07. Sewerage Gate of the Fort:
The fort also has a gate for passage of sewerage water. The outflow of the sewerage water is a streatm namely Yamunna. Many changes, so far, had been brought in the stream, but the name of the stream is still Yamunna. Moreover the water was drawn to the fort from Yamuna River/stream.