Malaria is caused by Plasmodium which belongs to protozoa and is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes when it bites. The history of malaria shows that it was difficult to determine the disease’s mode of transmission. When people of some regions concluded that malaria is a disease which is caused by a bad air, and that bad air in the language of that specific region was called Mala Aria. Mala means bad and Aria means Air. The parasite of malaria was found in the blood of a patient for the first time in 1880.
The life cycle of Plasmodium passes through various stages namely sporozoites, merozoites, and gametocytes etc. At the time of the bite of a mosquito, the parasite is in sporozoites stage. After the entry of Sporozoites into the blood stream, it travels directly to the liver where it reproduces Merozoites. Then a large number of Merozoites leaves the liver and enters into the Red Blood Cells. Still the parasite is in its youth stage. Soon, young parasites burst out in search of new red blood cells to infect.
Malaria is infectious to people when the reproducing Plasmodia creates a form known as a gametocyte in the human bloodstream. The mosquito now bites the person whose blood is full of Gametocyte. The gametocyte is again transferred from the patient to new unaffected people by means of Mosquito.
Malaria is very fatal disease which kills thousands of people all through the world, especially in African Countries. Now the world health organisations have worked too much in order to prevent from Malaria. Mosquito nets are the best means to prevent from mosquito bite. Malaria is cured by Chloro-quine Phosphate which is extracted from Cinchona plant. The discovery of Chloroquine was made after the world war II.
The symptoms of malaria are necessarily be known to all of us, so that we may not assume malaria as a common fever. It should be treated in its beginning stage as we detect following symptoms.
01. Severe Fatigue:
When we get to suffer in Malaria we feel severe fatigue before suffering form fever and pain in head and body. We can not even stand on our feet. Severe fatigue is the very first symptom of Malaria. But all the fatigues are not a part of Malaria. The rest of the symptoms, if, are accompanying Fatigue, then we should take it as Malaria.
02. Severe Headache:
Severe headache is another symptom of Malaria. We feel severe pain in our forehead and dorsal side of head. The veins of forehead and temple gets swollen. Deadly headache is an alarming symptom of malaria.
03. Pain in Body:
Besides the headache the patient suffers from very intensive pain in the whole body generally and in the legs especially. Head ache and pain in the body starts from the very beginning of Malaria attack. Note that all types of body pains are not related to the malaria. Body pain accompanying with the rest of the symptoms is affiliated with malaria. If you feel only pain in the body and you do not feel any other type of symptoms, it means you are not suffering from Malaria.
Nausea leads to Vomiting. In the beginning of Malaria attack, patient feels Nausea, but he does not vomits. Nausea with all these symptoms confirms the presence of Malaria Fever in the body.
In the beginning the patients feels only Nausea, but when suffers from Fever, vomiting starts. Vomiting may also lead continuous anti-peristalsis. The condition of anti-peristalsis is very unfavorable condition for oral medication. Patient can not swallow any food or medicine. Research states that oral medication is better than an injected medication. Therefore the oral medication becomes difficult. Patient depends largely on injected medication.
The ancient therapists say that Constipation is the mother 70 diseases. Constipation actually causes Nausea and Vomiting. Constipation should be cured on the very first day of Malaria. If constipation is removed then treatment of Malaria becomes easier.
07. Chill and Rigors:
Malaria is an illness characterized by fever and related symptoms. However it is very important to remember that malaria is a disease of fever, chills and rigors.
08. Intensive Fever:
Fever with severe chill is another symptoms of Malaria. Like in influenza patient suffers from Chill and intensive fever. In Malaria due to severe fever patient go through horrible dreams and scares of things lying around him.
The malaria parasites, entering the blood after an infective mosquito bite, infect red blood cells. At the end of that infection cycle, red blood cell ruptures. This process lowers the amount of red blood cells and in a severe stage cause severe anemia. Moreover with the lower amount of RBCs patient faces the deficiency of Hemoglobin in the blood. The function of Hemoglobin is to transfer oxygen form Lungs to the different parts and tissues of body. The supply of oxygen generates energy in the body.
With the lower amount of RBCs the patient faces the deficiency of Hemoglobin in the blood. The function of Hemoglobin is to transfer oxygen form Lungs to the different parts and tissues of body. The supply of oxygen generates energy in the body. When oxygen is not properly supplied to the body, it does not generate a reasonable energy to work. Thus malaria causes severe weakness. Patient even can not walk. Some time patient goes through unconsciousness due to lack of energy. Such an unconsciousness may take the life of patient.