The power, strength and alertness of the animals has always been astonishing to mankind. There are animals which have unthinkable power and strength. The strong muscles of these animals make them run fast and move alertly. Some of these animals can move faster than many types of cars. The speed of many an automobiles has been built keeping in view the speed of these animals. Many a powerful engines are named after the animals. The power of animals has always been used as a parameter for analyzing the strength of these machines. This article is about the fastest animals which lively exist on this planet. This is a top ten list of fastest animals, and the whole list is comprised of birds. None of the land or aquatic animals are included in this list. Because the velocity of these birds is invincible and unbeatable. The honor of top 10 fastest animals is credited to birds.
01. Peregrine falcon:
The fastest moving animal on this planet is Peregrine Falcon. It is an aerial animal which fly fastest among all animals whether they are running or flying, and among the overall fastest member of the animal kingdom. The Peregrine Falcon can achieve its fastest velocity (242mph) only when it chases it hunting. In common routine horizontal flying it does not fly in its maximum speed. It can attain a speed of not more that 180 miles per hour. But when is on a hunting expedition it can reach up to 320 km/hour. While stooping, the peregrine falcon soars to a great height, then dives steeply at speeds of over 242 mph (389 km/h).
02. Golden eagle:
The scientific name of Golden Eagle is Aquila chrysaetos. It is also included in Avians (birds). It is one of the famous prey birds, which hunt all the time after their prey, and fully utilize the energy gained from its prey in hunting again. The golden eagle is one of the best-known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the most widely distributed species of eagle and found almost all over the worl, but very common in Moderate zones of Northern Hemisphere. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. Golden eagle is the second fastest animal on the earth which can fly/move with a velocity of 240–320 km/h (150–200 mph). This speed is really an astonishing speed for a living thing. Comparing with automobiles very few automobiles can beat this speed in an ordinary road.
03. White-throated needletail swift:
Flying bird belongs to Phylum Chordata and Hirundapus class. The scientific name of White-throat needletail Swift Hirundapus Caudacutus. It is the third fastest animal on the planet. The white-throated needletail, also known as needle-tailed swift or spine-tailed swift, is a large swift. It is commonly reputed to reach speeds of up to 170 km/h (105 mph). The speed has been verified in several circumstances with different optical parameters.
04. Eurasian hobby:
Falco subbuteo is the specie of Falcon class of Birds, very common in Europe and Asia. The Eurasian hobby, or just simply hobby, is a small slim falcon. It belongs to a rather close-knit group of similar falcons often considered a subgenus Hypotriorchis. It is fourth fastest animals and bird in the world. It can fly very high. Some times it can fly higher than White Throat Neddle Swift. It can reach the speed of 160 km/h (100 mph).
05. Mexican free-tailed bat:
The fifth fastest animal in this world is Mexican Free-tailed Bat. It is a flying mammals. It can fly and move with a speed of 160 km/h (99 mph). It is also called Brazillian free-tailed bat. It is a medium-sized bat that is native to the Americas, regarded as one of the most abundant mammals in North America.
06. Frigate bird:
The sixth fastest animals in this world is Frigate Bird. Frigate birds are a family of seabirds called Fregatidae (Frigatebirds are a family of seabirds called Fregatidae which are found across all tropical and subtropical oceans. The five extant species are classified in a single genus, Fregata), which are found across all tropical and subtropical oceans where the climate remain moderate. The five extant species are classified in a single genus, Fregata. It is included in the ten fastest animals in the world because of its speed limit 153 km/h (95 mph). Frigate birds mainly feed on preying. In addition to catching prey, the magnificent frigatebird will sometimes harass other bird species on the wing, forcing them to release food that they have recently caught, which is then snatched from mid-air by this species before it reaches the water.
07. Rock dove(pigeon):
Rock dove (Pigeon) is also among the 10 fastest animals in this world. In zoological nomenclature it is called Columba Livia. The rock dove or rock pigeon is a member of the bird family Columbidae. In common usage, this bird is often simply referred to as the “pigeon”. The species includes the domestic pigeon, including the fancy pigeon. It can fly and move with speed of 148.9 km/h (92.5 mph). It is just beneath to Frigate Bird in speed list.
Horsefly is a Hexapoda (having six legs) flying insect and is the 8th fastest living thing on the planet. It was discovered and scientifically classified in 1802. Horse-flies or horseflies are true flies in the family Tabanidae in the insect order Diptera. They are often large and agile in flight, and the females bite animals, including humans, to obtain blood. It has a very high flying speed which is 145.0 km/h (90.1 mph). This fly is very common all over the world even some times it is found the group of house flies.
09. Spur-winged goose:
Scientifically called Plectropterus gambensis, belongs to Plectropterus class of birds. The spur-winged goose is a large flying bird in the family Anatidae, related to the geese and the shelducks, but distinct from both of these in a number of anatomical features, and therefore treated in its own subfamily, the Plectropterinae. Its flying speed is 142 km/h (88 mph).
10. Red-breasted merganser:
The red-breasted merganser is scientifically called Mergus serrator. A large diving duck, one of the sawbills, with a long thin bill, the Red-breasted Merganser is found in large lakes, rivers and the ocean. It prefers salt water more than the other two species of merganser. . The genus name is a Latin word used by Pliny and other Roman authors to refer to an unspecified waterbird, and serrator is a sawyer from Latin serra, “saw”. This the tenth fasted animal and bird which can move with a velocity of 129 km/h (80 mph).
Source: wikipedia and personal knowledge of the author.