10. Russels Viper:
It is included in ”Big Four”. This type of snake is widely found in India, Pakistan, Iran, Sri Lanka, Bengladesh and Nepal and Middle East. It is 10th most venomous snake of the world. Its size range from 1 feet to 1.75 feet. Its bite if not treated well kill a person. Its venom have a seasonal impact. Each year in the same month in which it has bitten, the venom starts moving in the veins, and the person becomes ill. It is very alert, vigilant and canny snake. Its hides itself in ambush, and bites abruptly.
Daboia russelii, Russell’s viper. is a venomous viper species found in parts of the Middle East and Central Asia, and especially the Indian subcontinent. It is the smallest member of the big four snakes that are responsible for causing the most snakebite cases and deaths, due to various factors including their frequent occurrence in highly populated regions, and their inconspicuous nature. Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described above.
Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous snakes which belongs to Family ”Viperidae” and Subfamily Crotalinae.
Rattlesnakes are short and have relatively heavy bodies and diamond-shaped heads. They are considered to be the newest or most recently evolved snakes in the world. Rattlesnakes have either a rattle or a partial rattle made of interlocking rings, or segments of keratin, the same material our fingernails are made of. When vibrated, the rattle creates a hissing sound that warns off potential predators. It is an extremely effective and highly evolved predator-avoidance system. Another rattlesnake characteristic is the “pit” on each side of the head, which is a heat-sensitive organ for locating prey. Found only in the desert, this is our smallest species. It grows to just over 2 feet (0.6 meters) as opposed to 3 or 4 feet (0.9 to 1.2 meters) in the other 3 local species. This rattler occurs the farthest south, from southeastern California, southeastern Arizona, and down the east coast of northern Baja California, Mexico. It has horns just above the eyes that aid in keeping the eyes from being scratched while burrowing.
Widely found in India and used as spectacles. The Indian cobra or Asian cobra or binocellate cobra is a species of the genus Naja found in the Indian subcontinent and a member of the “big four” species that inflict the most snakebites on humans in India.
Scientific name: Naja naja
Higher classification: Cobras
It is very venomous snake, its bite kill a person, if not treated immediately. It is found in jungles as well as in human habitats. It has small, medium and larges bodies. Its length ranges form 1.5 feet to 8 feet. The much it is bulky, the much it will be venomous. Other than India, it is found in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal. It is also found in Iran.
Black Mamba is very beautiful and graceful snake in the world. It has a shining black skin with tightly packed bricks like design. The black mamba is a venomous snake endemic to parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Skin colour varies from grey to dark brown. Juvenile black mambas tend to be lighter in color than adults and darken with age.
Scientific name: Dendroaspis polylepis
Conservation status: Least Concern (Population stable)Encyclopedia of Life
Higher classification: Mamba
Very thick and bulky snake found all through the Australian continent. Most Australians know of tiger snakes and are aware of their fearsome reputation, though few people will ever encounter one. Unfortunately this species is much maligned because of its aggressive nature and toxic venom; however the tiger snake should be recognised as a great survivor, superbly adapted to some of the most inhospitable environments in Australia.
Scientific name: Notechis scutatus
Higher classification: Notechis
It is included in Indian Kraits. It is also known as Malayalam Krait and Bungarus Candidus. Highly toxic and venomous snake. It is widely found in Thailand. About 50% of all bites from this krait results in human death, even with the administration of antivenin (antivenom). Death is the usual result if no treatment is given. The closely related Bungarus multicinctus is ranked 3rd in the world for toxicity of venom based on some LD-50 data (terrestrial snakes). It is very thin and very long snake like a thin rope. It is very beautiful and skin is designed with fine spots. It is very alert and can jump high up to 3 feet.
The eastern brown snake, often referred to as the common brown snake, is a species of venomous elapid snake of the genus Pseudonaja. This snake is considered the world’s second-most venomous land snake based on its LD50 value in mice.
Scientific name: Pseudonaja textilis
Higher classification: Pseudonaja
Acanthophis is a genus of elapid snakes. Commonly called death adders, they are native to Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands, and are among the most venomous snakes in the world.
Scientific name: Acanthophis
Higher classification: Elapidae
The snakes commonly called death adder belong to genus Acanthophis, several species can be found in Australia, Indonesia and New Guinea and nearby islands.
The death adder is considered one of the most venomous snakes in the world, surpassed only by few species, among them other famous Australian snakes, like the inland taipan. Early Australian settlers called them the “deaf adder” due to their ambush hunting style and the fact they would stay motionless if approached, leading to the idea that these snakes couldn’t hear. However, like other snakes, the death adder is, in fact, capable of perceiving ground vibrations.
Death adders are mainly nocturnal and terrestrial animals, they usually remain under cover during the day, very often close to pathways where small animals and people commonly wander. This type of snakes usually rely on their camouflage and remain still, but if provoked they flatten their body in a coiled position and will strike swiftly, only if this fails it resorts to escape.
The genus name, Acanthophis, derives from the Ancient Greek acanthos meaning “spine” and ophis witch means “snake”, and refers to the spine found in its tail.
The death adders have a very similar appearance to vipers or pit vipers, with a short and robust body, narrow neck, triangular shaped head and a tail spine. There is a slight sexual dimorphism with females being marginally larger than the males, the species reaches adult size at 2 or 3 years of age.
The several species reach adult sizes ranging from 1,15 ft (35 cm) for the smaller and slender bodied Pilbara Death Adder (Acanthophis wellsei) to a maximum of 4,25 ft (130 cm) for the Barkly Tableland Death Adder (Acanthophis hawkei). But death adders usually don’t reach more than 3,25 ft (100 cm).
The Philippine cobra also called northern Philippine cobra, is a stocky, highly venomous species of spitting cobra native to the northern regions of the Philippines. It is counted as the most deadly cobra in the world and the third most dangerous snake in the world.What makes the Philippine Cobra so deadly is the fact it can spit its venom with deadly accuracy up to 3 metres (nearly 10 feet).
The native home for this deadly Cobra is mainly Luzon, Catanduanes, Masbate and Mindoro, there has also been unconfirmed sightings in neighbouring islands.
Scientific name: Naja philippinensis
Higher classification: Cobras
The inland taipan is world second most venomous deadly snake. It is also commonly known as the western taipan, the small-scaled snake, or the fierce snake, is an extremely venomous snake of the taipan genus, and is endemic to semi-arid regions of central east Australia. Australia’s inland taipan is considered to be the second most venomous snake in the world. The venom from one bite is enough to kill 100 fully grown men. It is, however, very rare for humans to be bitten and in the few cases that have occurred, anti-venom treatment has been successful. Small rodents, mammals and birds are not so lucky. The inland taipan has a rapid accurate strike, delivering the extremely toxic venom deep into its prey. The taipan just has to wait for its victim to die before returning to consume the meal. This snake exhibits dramatic seasonal changes in skin colour. It is light in summer and dark in winter and this helps regulate its body temperature.
Scientific name: Oxyuranus microlepidotus
Higher classification: Taipan