Top 10 venomous mammals
Not only the insects are venomous, but there are so many mammals which either have venomous tooth or nail. Their bite can create serious pain and risk to the life of victim. Some of the mammal have venom in their saliva. Some of them spit like Taipan Snakes. Their spitting can also harm the skin and give painful sensation. So keep away these mammals whenever you have a chance to come across. The most toxic and venomous among them are being discussed here with detail.
It is second know venomous mammal on the planet. This ancient and distinctive mammal, capable of secreting toxic saliva, faces very real and immediate threats to its survival. One of only two solenodons in existence, the Hispaniolan solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) resembles a large, stocky shrew, and has a distinctive, elongated snout that extends well beyond the jaw. A unique ball-and-socket joint attaches the snout to the skull allowing remarkable flexibility and mobility. The Hispaniolan solenodon has coarse, grizzled grey-brown fur which varies in pattern from one individual to another. The stiff, muscular tail is grey except for the base and tip which are whitish. It has long, stout sharp claws, particularly well-developed forelimbs, and it walks with a stiff, waddling gait
Northern Short Tale Shrew:
The Northern Short-tailed Shrew’s name, brevicauda, means literally “brief (brevi) tail (cauda).” These deceptively ordinary little creatures hold a claim as one of the very few venomous mammals, use echolocation to augment their weak eyesight, and can capture prey as large as small birds.
Northern Short-tailed Shrews are small rodents with velvety fur that is typically slate gray, dark, or brownish on their dorsal side, and only slightly paler on their ventral. Their bodies are 7.5-10.5 cm long, with tails up to 3 cm. They normally weigh between 15 and 30 grams, although males are slightly larger than females, especially in the skull. The short-tailed shrew is a stout shrew, with a shorter and heavier snout than some of its relatives. Its eyes are small, and its ears are almost hidden in the fur.
A primitive, venomous mammal endemic to Cuba and once listed as extinct has been rediscovered after a decadelong quest. The shrewlike Cuban solenodon (Solenodon cubanus)—a “living fossil” that has not changed much in millions of years—was all but wiped out in the 19th century by deforestation and introduced species. The 30-centimeter-long, nocturnal solenodons possess a unique, venomous saliva that they inject through their teeth into their prey. They lack the ability, however, to protect themselves from predators such as cats, dogs and black rats. The animals have a slow, ungainly gait, and when chased tend to stop and hide their heads, making them easy pickings even for animals not much bigger than them. By the 1970s many believed the species had gone extinct, but that changed when a few of the animals showed up in 1974 and 1975.
Eurasian Water Shrew:
Southern Short Taled Shrew:
The southern short-tailed shrew is a gray, short-tailed shrew that inhabits the eastern United States. An interesting feature of the Southern Short-tailed Shrew is the venom produced by the sub maxillary glands, which is present in the saliva and may be introduced into wounds made by the teeth. Injections of 6 milligrams of an extract prepared from the sub maxillary gland are strong enough to kill mice but there is little likelihood of the venom having any serious effect on man.
Mediterranean Water Shrew:
The Mediterranean, Southern or Miller’s water shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae.
This largely nocturnal species inhabits burrows during the day and emerges to feed on invertebrates at night . They dive under water to obtain prey such as freshwater shrimps and caddis fly larvae, and the occasional frog newt or small fish may be tackled . When diving, the water-resistant fur holds bubbles of air that give the shrew a silvery appearance. They can also hunt on land for worms, beetles and other terrestrial invertebrates. Shrews are well known for their voracious appetites; water shrews must eat about half their own body weight in food every 24-hours to stay alive . Unusually amongst mammals, this species has venomous saliva, which aids in stunning prey. This species frequently grooms itself carefully, especially after diving. Water is removed by shaking and scratching, and also by squeezing through their narrow burrows.
Water shrews are solitary animals, and hold territories. They do not hibernate, but are active throughout the year. Breeding takes place between April and September; during this time 1 or 2, but occasionally 3 litters of 3-15 young are produced in a nest of woven grasses after a gestation period of 14-21 days. The lifespan is short (between 14 and 19 months); adults die after breeding, and the young breed the following year . Predators include tawny owls, barn owls, foxes, predatory fish and kestrels.
Common Vampire Bat:
Common vampire bat. The common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) is a small, leaf-nosed bat native to the Americas. It is one of three extant species of vampire bat, the other two being the hairy-legged and the white-winged vampire bats. While most people would assume the Vampire Bat is one that is very harsh or even evil, it is quite the opposite. They are very caring and social creatures that are interesting to observe. The young will be well cared for by their mothers. Should she fail to return to the roost other mothers will care for the orphans so that they don’t die. They also share food with each other, and that is something no other species of bats have been seen taking part in. These are venomous bats. Their tooth are tubes with a venomous sack. When it bite it excretes venom.
White Winged Vampire Bat: