What is Fistula?? Types and Most common Causes for fistula.

What Is Fistula?

Fistula is a whole in the track anywhere starting from buckle cavity up to the rectum. Basically there are two types of Fistula.

  • Gastrointestinal Fistula
  • Obstetric Fistula

Gastrointestinal Fistula (GIF):

A gastrointestinal fistula (GIF) is an abnormal opening in your digestive tract that causes gastric fluids to seep through the lining of your stomach or intestines. This can result in infection when these fluids leak into your skin or other organs.

GIF most commonly occurs after intra-abdominal surgery, which is surgery inside your abdomen. People with chronic digestive problems also have a high risk of developing a fistula. Types of Gestrointestinal fistula.

Obstetric Fistula:

An obstetric fistula is a hole between the vagina and rectum or bladder that is caused by prolonged obstructed labor, leaving a woman incontinent of urine or feces or both.

Types of Obstetric Fistula

Causes of Gastro-intestinal Fistula:

These are the most common things which GIFs in both men and women.

  • cancer
  • radiation treatment to your abdomen
  • bowel obstruction
  • surgical suture problems
  • incision site problems
  • an abscess
  • an infection
  • a Hematoma, or blood clot under your skin
  • a tumor
  • malnutrition

Causes of Obstetric Fistula:

Obstetric Fistula caused by prolonged and difficult delivery. Obstetric fistula most commonly occurs among women who live in low-resource countries, who give birth without access to medical help. If a woman’s labor becomes obstructed, she could remain in excruciating pain for days before her baby is finally dislodged. Her baby likely dies and she is often left with an obstetric fistula, a small hole created by constant pressure from the fetus, which renders her incontinent.



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