My today’s article is about the world’s top ten beautiful cities. These cities are included in this list because of their architectural values, their natural beauty, infrastructure, cleanliness, advance sewerage system, atmosphere and archaeological assets etc. Keeping all these things in view these cities are ranked so.
1. Bruges, Belgium:
Bruges is the capital and the biggest city of West Flanders in northwest Belgium, is distinguished by its canals, cobbled streets and medieval buildings and advance infrastructure. Fish trade is the main occupation of people of this city. Its port, Zeebrugge, is an important center for fishing and European trade. In the city center there is Burg square, the 14th-century Stadhuis (City Hall) has an ornate carved ceiling. Nearby, Markt square features a 13th-century belfry with a 47-bell carillon and 83m tower with panoramic views. There was a time when Bruges was called the Venice of West because of its being a biggest center for trade in the world. Its climate is moderate and remains humid throughout the year. Cool and humid winds blows throughout the year which makes the weather pleasant and healthful. Buildings of medieval period are the distinctive feature of the beauty of the city. Famous historical sites of the city are:
Beguinage (Begijnhof), Historic Centre of Brugge, Basilica of the Holy Blood, Jerusalem Church (Jeruzalemkerk), Brugse Vrije, Ezelpoort (Donkey’s gate), ‘T Zand, Gentpoort, Smedenpoort, Provinciaal Hof, Provinciaal Hof, Provinciaal Hof, Huis Boechoute, Tolhuis, Huiz Perez de Malvenda, Sint Donaas ruines etc. About 7.8 million tourists visit the city per year.
2. Budapest, Hungary:
The second most beautiful city of the world the capital of Hungary, Budapest. Budapest is the biggest city of the country. This city is bisected by the river Denube, which enhances the beauty of the city. The topography of the city divides the city into two parts. The Hilly part of the city is called Buda while the flat and plain area of the city is called Pest. Buda and Pest are two separate districts. These two districts are connected by a chain bridge which was constructed in 19th century. The Hungarians settled the area in the 9th century, just after the Romans. There are many monumental buildings relating to World Heritage. One of Budapest’s attractions – it underground, which is the second oldest railway system in the world, and perhaps the strongest. Also, the city is listed among the 25 most popular and beautiful cities in the world, it annually visited by 4.3 million tourists from different countries. In addition, Budapest is very popular sport. In it, there are 7 professional football clubs. The city also hosted the Olympic Games 1916, 1920, 1936, 1944 and 1960, European and World Championships.
3. Rome, Italy:
Rome is an exemplary archaeological site. It has many ancient ruins such as Forum and Colosseum which remind the power of former Roman Empire. Vatican City situated in a walled enclave inside the boundaries of the capital of Italy- Rome. Moreover Rome has many a historical places like
Il Tempio dei Dioscuri, Castel Sant’Angelo, Aurelian Walls, Roman Forum, Pantheon, Altar of the Fatherland, Colosseum, Piazza Navona,Septimius Severus Arch, Arch of Constantine, Circus Maximus, Forum of Augustus, Baths of Caracalla, Curia Julia, Pyramid of Caius Cestius etc.
Rome and its metropolitan area has a Mediterranean climate, with cool winters and warm to hot summers. According to Troll-Paffen climate classification, Rome has a warm-temperate subtropical climate. The climate in Rome is warm and temperate. In winter, there is much more rainfall in Rome than in summer. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Csa. The average temperature in Rome is 15.7 °C. The rainfall here averages 798 mm.
There is a sea port namely ”Civitavecchia” on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 80 kilometres (50 miles) west-north-west of Rome, across the Mignone river. The harbour is formed by two piers and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse. The name ”Civitavecchia” means “ancient town”.
4. Florence, Italy:
Florence, capital of Italy’s Tuscany region, located on the bank of river Arno, is home to many masterpieces of Renaissance art and architecture. This art and architecture enlisted the city as world’s fourth most beautiful city. One of its most iconic sights is the Duomo, a cathedral with a terracotta-tiled dome engineered by Brunelleschi and a bell tower by Giotto. The Galleria dell’Accademia displays Michelangelo’s “David” sculpture. The Uffizi Gallery exhibits Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” and da Vinci’s “Annunciation.”
Florence was the richest financial and commercial center of medieval Europe. Dan Brown, in his book “Inferno”, and stressed the importance of this feature of the city. Also, Florence – the birthplace of the Renaissance. With its magnificent architecture, the Renaissance and the rich culture, the city is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. In Florence there are many wonderful places that are of interest to tourists: art museums and galleries, including the Uffizi Gallery and the Pitti Palace, Basilica of San Lorenzo and the Medici Chapel, Cathedral. In addition, Florence is one of the legislators of Italian fashion. In the 16th century the city became the progenitor of the Opera. Here lived such famous people as: Giulio Caccini and Mike Francis.
5. Amsterdam, Netherlands:
This is capital city of Nether Land. Very beautiful and charming city of Europe. This city is located on the bank of river Amstel. The very name has also been derived from Dam and Amstel, which means Dam on the bank of River Amstel: Amsterdam. Amsterdam is known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system and narrow houses with gabled facades, legacies of the city’s 17th-century Golden Age. Its Museum District houses the Van Gogh Museum, works by Rembrandt and Vermeer at the Rijksmuseum, and modern art at the Stedelijk. Cycling is key to the city’s character, and there are numerous bike paths. Climate of Amsterdam is an oceanic climate strongly influenced by its proximity to the North Sea to the west, with prevailing westerly winds. Both winters and summers are considered mild, although winters can get quite cold, while summers quite warm occasionally.
6. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:
Rio de Janeiro is a very big city of Brazil with a lot of sea sides like Copacabana and Ipanema beaches. Rio is the city of Redeemer Statue which is posted on the top of Mountain; mount Carcovado. This statue is of Jesus Christ. Sugarloaf mountains and granite mountain adds the popularity of the city. Due to the beauty of Brazil it is said that God created the whole universe in six days, and on the seventh day Rio de Janeiro.
Its raucous Carnaval festival, featuring parade floats, flamboyant costumes and samba dancers, is considered the world’s largest. Many an Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro. Rio is the second largest city in Brazil and the third largest metropolis in South America. Rio, one of the most visited and favorite locations in the southern hemisphere because of its natural environment and excellent beaches, such as: Bossa Nova and Balaneirio. The city is world famous for two things – football and dance Samba. Every year, in Rio de Janeiro, it held one of the most spectacular carnivals in the world. Moreover, Brazil – the host country of the World Cup in 2014, and in 2016 it will be the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Rio is a major cultural center of Brazil. The city since 1999 hosts the International Film Festival. National Library of Brazil is considered the 8th largest library in the world and the largest library in the whole of Latin America.
7. Lisbon, Portugal:
A hilly and coastal city of Potugal. Also the capital and largest city of Portugal. From imposing São Jorge Castle, the view encompasses the old city’s pastel-colored buildings, Tagus Estuary and Ponte 25 de Abril suspension bridge. Nearby, the National Azulejo Museum displays 5 centuries of decorative ceramic tiles. Just outside Lisbon is a string of Atlantic beaches, from Cascais to Estoril.
Very famous seaport the Port of Lisbon is the largest seaport of Lisbon and third largest port in Portugal located on joint of River Tagus and Atlantic Ocean. Lisbon has many tourism points; among which Belem Tower, Jeronimos Monastery, Sao Jorge Castle and Padrão dos Descobrimentos are worth visiting. Lisbon stand moderate through out the year, because of 62% of humidity in the atmosphere.
8. Prague, Czechoslovakia:
Beautiful city of Prague is the largest city of Czechoslovakia as well as the capital city of the Czech Republic, is bisected by the Vltava River. Prague is 14th largest city of Europe. Its nickname is “the City of a Hundred Spires,” it’s known for its Old Town Square, the heart of its historic core, with colorful baroque buildings, Gothic churches and the medieval Astronomical Clock, which gives an animated hourly show. Completed in 1402, pedestrian Charles Bridge is lined with statues of Catholic saints. Prague is worth a visit because of its tremendous educational institutions. One of the most interesting facts is the age of Prague – 1100 years. Just imagine the impressive historical heritage, which is currently concentrated in this city. For this reason, Prague, on the right, is included in our list of top 10 most beautiful cities in the world.
9. Paris, France:
Paris is the largest and capital city of France. It is a major European city and a global center for art, fashion, gastronomy and culture. Its 19th-century cityscape is crisscrossed by wide boulevards and the River Seine. Beyond such landmarks as the Eiffel Tower and the 12th-century, Gothic Notre-Dame cathedral, the city is known for its cafe culture and designer boutiques along the Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré. Paris is known as the city of love and romance, it is undoubtedly one of the best and most beautiful cities in the world. The most famous features, glorified this beautiful city – Eiffel Tower and French cheese. Since Paris is the capital of France, it was and still is the center of all the important political events in the country, beginning with the French Revolution. France is famous mainly because of this amazing beautiful city. Gorgeous perfume and gourmet cuisine has its origins precisely in Paris. Paris should be a very interesting motto – «Fluctuat nec mergitur», which literally means “to swim, but did not sink.” Climatic conditions of Paris city are praise worthy. The overall climate throughout the year is mild and moderately wet. Summer days are usually warm and pleasant with average temperatures between 15 and 25 °C (59 and 77 °F), and a fair amount of sunshine. Each year, however, there are a few days when the temperature rises above 32 °C (90 °F).
10. Venice, Italy:
Venice is located in the north-eastern part of Italy and it had been a center of trade since centuries. It is the capital of northern Italy’s Veneto region, is built on more than 100 small islands in a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea. It has no roads, just canals – including the Grand Canal thoroughfare – lined with Renaissance and Gothic palaces. The central square, Piazza San Marco, contains St. Mark’s Basilica, which is tiled with Byzantine mosaics, and the Campanile bell tower offering views of the city’s red roofs. Venice is the most beautiful city of the world. Venice had named as “City of Water”, “City of Masks”, “City of Bridges” and “City Channel” and so on. The architectural appearance of Venice is the only factor of its charm. Venice attracts more 10 million tourists annually.
Climatic conditions: According to the Köppen climate classification, Venice has a Humid subtropical climate (Cfa), with cool winters and very warm summers. The 24-hour average in January is 3.3 °C (37.9 °F), and for July this figure is 23.0 °C (73.4 °F).